Islets of Hope for persons with prediabetes
Article by Lahle Wolfe, 03/25/2006. For reprint information e-mail Editor@isletsofhope.com
Confused? See our Chart Comparison between Insulin Resistance, Insulin Resistance Syndrome (IRS), Prediabetes, Types 1 and 2 Diabetes, and Gestational Diabetes detailing the symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of these major metabolic disorders.
Lifestyle Changes - Diet, Exercise, Sports, Stress Management
Did You Know?
... that an international expert committee of the American Diabetes Association recently redefined the criteria for prediabetes, lowering the blood sugar level cut-off point for pre-diabetes?
Approximately 20% more adults are now believed to have this condition and may develop diabetes within 10 years if they do not exercise or maintain a healthy weight.
NIH DPP Press Release (2002)
Causes and risk factors for prediabetes (or, pre-diabetes)
Causes of insulin resistance and prediabetes
Many things can contribute to insulin resistance including obesity, unhealthy eating habits, an inactive lifestyle, high levels of caffeine, certain medications, smoking, and underlying medical problems. Other things that can contribute to insulin resistance include pregnancy and hormonal imbalances (i.e. Hashimoto's thyroiditis or other hypothyroid problems, and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)).
Since insulin resistance, and many of the disorders associated with this condition tend to run in families, genes also play a role in the development of insulin resistance. But it is important to note that studies show simply having the genetic predisposition for insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes is not enough to cause onset. Many people carry the risk genes for either type 2 or type 1 diabetes and still do not end up becoming diabetic. Some sort of environmental trigger usually contributes to the onset of both types 1 or 2 diabetes. In the case of type 2 diabetes the environmental trigger is an unhealthy lifestyle including poor eating habits, too little activity, obesity, and smoking.
Even if you have family members that are insulin resistant, obese, or have type 2 diabetes, it should be considered a warning sign of potential risk for you, but it does not meant you will become diabetic. Following a healthy lifestyle will go a long way towards ensuring your own good health.
Who should be tested for insulin resistance or prediabetes?
You should consider being tested for insulin resistance and prediabetes if:
Page Updated 09/01/2006