Islets of Hope

Due to massive site revisions and editions this index is currently being updated.  Thank you for patience.

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How to Find Diabetes Information on Islets of Hope

There are four ways to find information on our site:

1.  Go to the Home page and use the pull-down menu

2.  Go to the bottom of the Home page and use the "Google Search Islets of Hope" option

3.  Click on any Section Logo

4.  Use this Main Site Index

Mini Site Indexes (information is accessed by clicking on section logos)

Whenever you see a Section Logo anywhere on our site you can click on it to go to a Mini Site Index of that particular web section.  The Mini Site Index will contain a detailed overview of all the topics in that web section as well as link back to this Main Site Index.

This is an example of a section logo:

Diabetes Education Site Index

Dos and Donts of Hypoglycemia  Roberta Ruggio
Do's and Don'ts of Hypoglycemia:  Ruggiero, founder of the Hypoglycemia Research Foundation, has written this book for people who are in the early stages of hypoglycemia and need introductory-level information. Ruggiero, who has hypoglycemia herself, shares her own travails of being misdiagnosed several times. She stresses the importance of obtaining an accurate diagnosis and receiving proper medical treatment, explains the necessary diagnostic tests, and describes how to find a doctor. Appendixes include a bibliography, a list of referral organizations, and recommended foods and menus. This is a very reasonable, well-researched presentation of a topic which has often been treated faddishly in other publications.   Recommended for public libraries.

Charts, Lists and Diagrams


Allergies - Types of Hypersensitivity

Blood Pressure Values

Body Mass Index (BMI)

A Chart Comparison of Carbohydrate-Impaired Metabolic Disorders (symptoms, diagnosis, treatment)

Cushing's, Diabetes, and PCOS symptoms compared (chart)

Genetic Transmission Rates for Type 1 Diabetes

Genetic Transmission Rates for Type 2 Diabetes

Insulin Resistance Index Values

Insulin Storage

Normal and Target Blood Glucose Ranges for Diabetics

Morning Fasting Blood
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) Ranges (non-pregnant)

Normal values for a fructosamine test

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) (pregnancy)

Gestational Diabetes Screening:  Glucose Challenge Test (during pregnancy)


Celebtrities & famous
folks who have battled
or died from anorexia, bulimia, or other disordered eating

Famous Blind People

Famous Vegetarians

Famous Amputees

Famous with Diabetes


Prevent and Treat Diabetes with Natural Medicine   Michael Murray
How to Prevent & Treat Diabetes with Natural Medicine
Diabetes remains among the most prevalent health issues, bringing with it an increased risk of stroke and cardiovascular disease. Now an expert in natural medicine and an authority on diabetes combine their knowledge to address diabetes prevention: coping with the disease if you have been diagnosed, and even reversing its effects. The authors provide food and supplement plans that can help you avoid developing the illness, even if there is a family history. If you are currently being treated for diabetes, this program is designed to help reduce or eliminate your need for medication.

Thryoid Diet Mary J. Shoman
The Thyroid Diet
:  For more than 25 million Americans it may be, due to the metabolic slowdown of a malfunctioning thyroid gland. The Thyroid Diet will help many previously unsuccessful dieters get diagnosed and treated -- and proper thyroid treatment might be all thatís needed to successfully lose weight. Even after optimal treatment, however, weight problems plague many thyroid patients. For those patients, The Thyroid Diet will identify the many frustrating impediments to weight loss, and offer solutions-both conventional and alternative -- to help. Discussing optimal dietary changes, thyroid-damaging foods to avoid, and metabolism-supporting herbs and supplements, it contains several different eating plans, food lists, and a set of delicious and healthy gourmet recipes. With handy worksheets to use in weight-loss tracking and a special resource section featuring Web sites, books, and support groups, here is vital help for millions..

Prediabetes:  An estimated 41 million Americans have the condition identified since 2002 as prediabetes, which, if left unchecked, inevitably will lead to full-blown diabetes. From one of the world's leading diabetes "patient-experts," this first-ever practical guide offers fifty essential, informative ideas and simple steps to help this vast and rapidly growing constituency manage their condition and thereby reduce their chances of developing full-blown diabetes. Prediabetes clearly explains what readers can do today, no matter what their age, and whether or not they have a family history of diabetes, a severe weight problem, or are members of an ethnic group at high risk-including Hispanics, Native Americans, African Americans, and Pacific Islanders. Helpful drawings and graphs are featured throughout in this new, revised edition.



Islets of Hope for Persons with Diabetes Islets of Hope for Persons
                                 with Diabetes

Main Site Index for
Islets of Hope

Quick Click to Islets of Hope Website Sections on this page

Charts and Diagrams
Diabetes Care Tips
Diabetes Headline News & Diabetes Reseach
(Diet, Exercise, Sports & Stress Management)
Medical Library (Diabetes Information)
Newly Diagnosed (Easy to read information)
Publications (free, printable diabetes information)
Support Groups
Your Diabetes Community (Resources & Support)

Diabetes Care Tips Site Index

Diabetes Care Section
Care Tips & Daily Living Strategies


Blood Glucose Testing Tips
Children's Tips & Advice
Foot Care Tips
Injecting Insulin
Insulin Pumpers
Mixing, Storing & Preparing Insulin
Teen Tips & Advice
Traveling with Diabetes
Visually Impaired
Wound Care Tips

Taking Care of Your Feet & Skin (From "Complications" section of our Medical Library)

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Diabetes Education Site Index


diabetes scholarships & awards
diabetes education rights
home school education
schools that discriminate against children with diabetes
schools that are diabetes-friendly

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Diabetes Legal Information Site Index


Ask the Lawyer
Legal Questions Archive
Diabetes Discrimination & Legal Resources
Insurance Laws
Laws & Policies for Traveling with Diabetes
Medical Research & Ethics Laws

Insurance Laws (main page)
(see Assistance Programs" in our "Your Diabetes Community" section for insurance options and Medicare information)

Insurance Laws Related to Diabetes Care
Health Insurance Industry & Legal Remedies Information Site Links
California Laws & Legal Assistance
State Health Insurance Diabetes Coverage Laws - US
State-Sponsored Insurance Assistance Programs - US
Canadian Health Program Information

Education & Discrimination Laws

Federal & State Laws Protecting Children & Adults with Diabetes in
Public Schools
Private Schools
Day Care Centers
Colleges & Universities

2004 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Reauthorization Statutes
Individualized Education Program (IEP)
Individualized Education Program (IEP) Team Meetings and Changes to the IEP
Changes in Initial Evaluation & Reevaluation (IEP)
Children Enrolled by Their Parents in Private School(IEP)
Procedural Safeguards: Surrogates, Notice and Consent (IEP)
Procedural Safeguards: Due Process Hearings (IEP)

Diabetes Legislative Headline News
Archived Diabetes Legal Headline News  ("Diabetes Headlines News" Section
Current Diabetes Legal News Archives ("Diabetes Headline News" Section)

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Diabetes Lifestyle Site Index - diet, exercise, stress management

Diet, Exercise, Sports, and Stress Management

(also, see Lifestyle)
Plans & information (also, see recipes)
carbohydrate contolled diets (non-ketogenic)
fast food nutritional guides
low-calorie diets
low-carb diets (ketogenic in nature)
ow-carb lifestyle tips
low-carb vegetarian
How to quit your low-carb diet and not gain weight
low-fat diets
low-glycemic index diets
diabetes meal exchange plan
nutritional counters
vegetarian meal plans
commercial weight loss center program

low-carb baking tips
low-carb breakfasts
low-carb desserts
low-carb main meals
low-fat recipes
low-glycemic index
meal exchange plans
vegetarian & low carb vegetarian

Lifestyle, also, see "diets"
exercise and diabetes
lifestyle changes as treatment for diabetes
sports and diabetes
stress management

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Diabetes Medical Library Site Index


Alternative & Complementary Treatment
Chinese traditional medicine
chiropractic care
diabetes cures
homeopathic remedies

natural; herbs & remedies
supplementation & vitamins

Complications of Diabetes
bladder problems (urologic problems)
blindness (also, see list of blind people)
coma, diabetic, from hyperglycemia & hypoglycemia
diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
diabetic neuropathy
diabetic retinopathy
erectile dysfunction
female urologic and sexual problems
foot problems (also, see amputation)
gum disease
heart problems
high blood pressure

infections, also see yeast infections
insulin shock, also, see reactions to insulin
kidney problems
lactic acidosis
male urologic & sexual problems
neuropathy, diabetic
peripheral artery disease (PAD, POAD, PVD)
skin problems (also, see yeast infections)
seizures, diabetic, hypoglycemic, medical explanation
seizures, diabetic, experiences of other parents retold
urologic problems
weight gain
weight loss

Disorders Associated with Diabetes
Addison's Disease
Asthma and Allergies
Celiac Disease (Sprue)
Cushings Syndrome
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)
Cystic Fibrosis (CF)
Eating Disorders
Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS)
Frozen Shoulder
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis
  (Iron Overload)
Infertility (primary and secondary)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Polycystic OvarianSyndrome (PCOS)
thyroid problems, see hashimoto's thyroiditis
Weight Gain
Weight Loss

General Diabetes Information
Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prevention
diabetes insipidus , water diabetes
diagnostic criteria for type 1 & type 2 diabetes
genetic impact on developing diabetes
genetic transmission rate of diabetes
gestational diabetes
(also see pregnancy)
hyperglycemia (main page)
hyperglycemia IOH Publication HG-3-2006
hyperglycemia, causes
hyperglycemia, symptoms
hyperglycemia, treatment
hyperglycemia, prevention
(main page)
hypoglcyemia IOH Publication HG-1-2006
hypoglycemia, causes
hypoglycemia, symptoms
hypoglycemia, treatment
hypoglycemia, prevention
hypoglycemia, reactive & fasting
(non-diabetic hypglycemia
hypoglycemia, reactive & fasting, IOH Publication HG-2-2006
uvenile diabetes
latent autoimmune diabetes in adults
maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
slow onset diabetes
(see LADA)
type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus)
type 1.5 (one-and-a-half diabetes, see LADA)
type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus)

Infertility & Adoption
adoption, about the process, agency information
adoption, advice from adoptive mother of 3
adoption, language & terminology
primary infertility
secondary infertility

Information (general)
Diagnostic criteria for type 1 & type 2 diabetes
Genetic impact on developing diabetes
Genetic transmission rate of diabetes
History of diabetes and treatment through th ages
History of diabetes and insulin
Rotavirus information
Statistics related to diabetes
Vaccines and diabetes

Mental Health
Depression & diabetes
Eating disorders
Stress management (from "Lifestyles" section)

Metabolic Disorders
insulin resistance

insulin resistance syndrome

metabolic syndrome x
syndrome x

Pregnancy (also, see gestational diabetes)

Problems Associated with Diabetes
acanthosis nigricans (AN)
alopeia areata (hair loss)
hirsutism (excess hair)
honeymooning (also, see newly diagnosed)
skin tags
yeast infections

Treatment & Treatment Devices
conventional therapy
HbA1c testing information
glucagon, how to prepare & inject, IOH Publication TRE-1-2006
hyperglycemia (main page)
hypoglycemia (main page)
injecting insulin, how to
insulin delivery devices
insulin pens, general information
insulin pens, step-by-step guide how to use
insulin pump resource & information sites
insulin pump therapy
insulin pumps, types of pumps
insulin reactions, shock, allergies, sensitivity, resistance
insulin, types of insulin
intensive (flexible) therapy
islet cell transplant, information, research, headlines
juvenile diabetes
lifestyle changes, 
as part of treatment plan, also see "Lifestyles"
medications, diabetes (listed by drug class)
medications, diabetes (listed by name)
pancreas transplant
, information, research, headlines
, causes, symptoms, treatment
shot therapy, also, see injecting insulin, insulin pen info, using insulin pens,     conventional vs. intensive insulin therapy
type 1 diabetes treatment
type 2 diabetes treatment

for treatment of disorders associated with diabetes see "disorders"

for treatment of diabetes complications see "complications"

for treatment of problems associated with diabetes (acne, hair loss, etc.) see "problems"

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Your Diabetes Community Site Index

Medical & Social Resources, Support & Discussion Groups, Forums, Consumer Services & Product Information

Assistance Programs
(also, see
health care & scholarships)
Food & Nutrition Programs, Local Resources
& Health Care Financial Assistance for Students
Health Care Assistance Resources for Prescription
Medications, Insulin, Diabetes Supplies
Health Insurance & Subsidy Program Information
Medicaid and Medicare Program Information
Discount Diabetes Care Supplies & Prescription Drugs
Prosthetic Care
Technological Assistance
Canadian Health Program Information

Camps, Diabetes

Causes, Diabetes
Diabetes causes & relief organizations
Islets of Hope
VA license plate "drive out diabetes" program

For Fun and Family
Famous Amputees
Famous Blind People
Famous and Celebrity Diabetics
puzzles and games
Kid's speak dictionary (glossary of humorous terms by kids)

Creative Submissions from Others with Diabetes
artwork (children with diabetes & their siblings)
artwork (adults with diabetes and parents of kids with diabetes)
diabetes humor
literary submissions
(children with diabetes & their siblings)
literary submissions (adults with diabetes and parents of kids with diabetes)
needle arts

Praise, Thanks, Greetings & Brags
brags about our children
diabetes caregivers
greetings to others from you
heroes in our lives

diabetes causes & relief organizations
diabetes-friendly schools
glossary of medical & diabetes terms a-n
glossary of medical & diabetes terms (m-z)
glossary of medical & diabetes acronyms
insulin pump sites
insulin pump studies
kids speak (glossary of humorous terms)
resource directory
pump-friendly doctors

For diabetes & disorders associated with diabetes
discussion groups (Islets of Hope)
discussion groups - FAQs & technical support
local support groups

national support groups (under development)
support for the newly diagnosed

Islets of Hope calendar of events

JDRF Walk for the Cure, 09/05, Ontario, CA

local diabetes events (posted by members)
national diabetes events

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insulin crystals
Insulin Crystals Magnified

Information About Islets of Hope

Business Information
Contact Islets of Hope
How to Help Islets of Hope
Join Islets of Hope
Mission Statement
Privacy Statement

Brochure Information
For Permission to Use our Information

The Folks Behind Islets of Hope
About Elizabeth
Elizabeth's Pumping Story
Founder, Lahle Wolfe
Lahle Wolfe, personal weight loss story
Volunteer Opportunities
Volunteer Staff

Advertising & Marketing
Advertising & Marketing
At-Cost Advertising
Free Advertising
Paid Advertisements
Lists Sponsorships
Web page sponsorships

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Islets of Hope Discussion Support Lists

Complete Descriptions of Lists

List Technical Support, Rules & FAQs

Announcement Lists

(Lists that are "read-only."  You may not post to these important information lists.)

Alerts - Our headlines include important FDA, product, and industry alerts, but only comes out once per week.  Our alerts list sends out warnings the day that they make headlines.


Headlines - Diabetes headlines (news. human interest, research, sent out once each week)

Members - All those advertising for free on our site must join this list.  This is a list so that we can communicate with advertisers about our site.

Newsletter - Subscribe to receive IOH's quarterly newsletter -- this is an announcement (read only) list, no subscribers are able to post.

Discussion Lists


Adoption - adoption in process, or who have adopted

Alternative - alternative diabetes care approaches.

Baby On Board - pregnant w/diabetes & gestational diabetes

Celiac Yack - for celiac disease.

CF - for cystic fibrosis, or those with a loved one with CF

Child Chat - A fully moderated list (all posts are reviewed prior to posting) for children ages 8-12. (This list requires administrator permission to join for safety purposes.  When you apply to the list, the moderator will first need to approve subscription request before you can post to the list.  Moderator reserves the right to refuse access to this list to anyone deemed "suspicious."  Children should have parent's permission prior to subscribing.)

Cushings - for those with Cushing's Syndrome.

Diabetes Stinks - if you feel like ranting and raving

D-bate - If you like to discuss diabetes ethics, politics, or attitudes, join D-bate.  This list was created for those who want to exchange ideas and perspectives that may be considered "too hot" for other lists.  Strong, personal opinions are welcomed, but no flaming, name-calling, slurs, or expletives permitted.

D-Siblings - A list for children who have a brother or sister with diabetes.  This list is fully moderated (all posts are reviewed prior to posting) for children ages 8-12. (This list requires administrator permission to join for safety purposes.  When you apply to the list, the moderator will first need to approve subscription request before you can post to the list.  Moderator reserves the right to refuse access to this list to anyone deemed "suspicious."  Children should have parent's permission prior to subscribing.)   Teens who have siblings with diabetes should join the Teen-Talk list.

ED -  moderated list for eating disorders. This list is a "private" list where email identities are hidden from all other list members. No one will know who you are unless you specifically identify yourself in an email.

Faith - diabetes and their personal faith discussion

Fibromyalgia - support for persons with fibromyalgia

Hashimoto's  - for those with hashimoto's thyroiditis

Hemochromatosis - for iron overload," (bronze diabetes)

Infertility - See "Trying to Conceive," below.

LADA - For latent autoimmune diabetes in adults

Low Carb -  support and recipe exchange  (low carb)

MODY - for maturity onset diabetes of the young

Newly Diagnosed - parents and individuals w/diabetes

Parents Only - for parents of children with diabetes.

PCOS - for those with polycystic ovarian syndrome

Pump Rally -  for those on or considering insulin pumps

School Daze -  parents discuss issues related to public, private, or home school education.

Teen Talk - A moderated support list for teenagers with diabetes type 1 or 2, as well as for  teens with siblings of children with diabetes.

Trying to Conceive (TTC) - for primary or secondary infertility issues, and those that are trying to conceive.

Type 1 Talk -  Parents of children with type 1 may also participate on this list.

Type 2 Talk - Parents of children with type 2 may also participate on this list.

Other Lists Hosted by Islets of Hope Support Lists - Individual lists for: announcements, headline news and product updates and warnings, professionals, pumpers (currently on the pump), certified diabetes educators, registered dietitians, nurses, physicians, caregivers (school and daycare providers).

Local Support Groups Hosted by Islets of Hope

Do you have an online discussion list you want to host or announce on our site?  Contact

  • CA-San Bernardino - A support group for diabetes discussions for persons in the San Bernardino, CA area.

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Islets of Hope Free, Printable Publications

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) - IOH Publication DKA-1-2006; 7 pages (updated 01/2006)

Hypoglycemia - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention & Emergency Care Form - IOH Publication HG-1-2006; 13 pages (updated 01/2006)

Reactive and Fasting Hypoglycemia - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention & Emergency Care Form - IOH Publication HG-2-2006; 13 pages (updated 01/2006)

Hyperglycemia - Causes, Sytmes, Treatment & Prevention
IOH Publication HG-3-2006; 12 pages (updated 01/2006)

How to Prepare & Inject Glucagon for Treatment of Severe Hypoglycemia  (Illustrated) - Prepare ahead for emergencies, about hypoglycemia, about glucagon, illustratred step-by-step instructions on how to prepare and inject glucagon, and what to do afterward.  IOH Publication TRE-1-2006: Glucaon

You can also print selected fast-reference excepts from this full-length publication: TRE-1-2006-frr


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Diabetes Newly Diagnosed Site Index

Newly Diagnosed (less detail, easier reading)

Complications of Diabetes
Cardiovascular & Circulatory
Heart Problems, Peripheral Artery Disease, High Blood Pressure

Eye Problems - Blindness, Diabetic Retinopathy

Glycemia  - Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Insulin Shock, Seizure, Convulsion & Coma

Infections -  Amputation, Foot & Skin Problems, Gum Disease, Chronic Infections, Wound Care

Infertility - Primary Infertility, Secondary Infertility

Kidney Problems

Neuropathy - (Nerve Damage) - Diabetic Neuropathy, Gastroparesis

Urologic & Sexual Problems - Bladder Problems, Sexual Problems for Men & Women

Weight - Gain, Loss, Eating Disorders

Newly Diagnosed (less detail, easier reading)

Disorders Associated with Diabetes
Addison's Disease
Asthma & Allergies
Celiac Disease (sprue)
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome
Cystic Fibrosis (CF)
Eating Disorders
Fibromyalgia Syndrome
Frozen Shoulder
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis
Hemochromatosis (iron overload or "bronze" diabetes)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Polycystic Ovarian
Syndrome (PCOS)
Weight Gain
Weight Loss

Newly Diagnosed (less detail, easier reading)

Diabetes Problems & Complaints
Acanthosis Nigricans (AN)
Alopecia Areata (AA)
Gum Disease
Skin Tags
Yeast Infections

FAQs About Diabetes
What is diabetes?  Are there different forms of diabetes?
Can certain diseases cause diabetes?
What are the complications of diabetes?
Diabetes Statistics
Are there other disorders associated with diabetes I should know about?
What is hyperglycemia (high blood glucose)?
What is hypoglycemia (low blood glucose)?

Is there a cure for diabetes?
What is pre-diabetes?
What is gestational diabetes?

FAQs About Type 1 Diabetes
What is type 1 diabetes?
Can I predict if my child might get type 1 diabetes?
What are the various forms of type 1 diabetes?
What is the chance of genetic transmission of type 1 diabetes?
What is the honeymoon phase?
What is the Dawn Effect?
(also called Dawn Phenomenon)
What is the Simogyi Effect? (also called Rebound Hyperglycemia)
What are ketones?  How and when should I test for them?
How, and when, should I give a glucagon shot? (printable publication)

FAQs About Type 2 Diabetes
What is type 2 diabetes?
What are the various forms of type 2 diabetes?
What is the chance of genetic transmission of type 2 diabetes?
How is type 2 diabetes treated?

FAQs About Insulin & Blood Glucose Monitoring
What are normal & target blood glucose levels?
How often should I check my blood glucose levels?
Any advice or tips for checking blood glucose?
What about "alternative" testing sites?
How do I inject insulin using a syringe or an insulin pen?  
What does an insulin pump do?
What is conventional are intensive (flexible) insulin therapies?
How, and when, should I give a glucagon shot? (printable publication)
What is the Dawn Effect?
(also called Dawn Phenomenon)
What is the Simogyi Effect? (also called Rebound Hyperglycemia)

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diabetes news headlines and research

Diabetes Headline News &
Research Information

Current News & Headlines

Archived News Headlines
Diabetes Events

Drug Research & Development  |
General Diabetes Studies  
Human Interest 
Legislation - Diabetes, Ethics, Research  
Stem Cell Research
Your Diabetes Health 
Technology (Diabetes)
FDA, UK & European Drug & Medical Updates

RECALLS & WARNINGS for Diabetes Medications, Products & Devices

current edition
October 2005
November 2005
December 2005

Note:  Our monthly online newspaper has been discontinued.

Great Label Debate (11/05)
Rediculous, Restrictive (school) Rules (10/05)
Snakeoil Companies (12/05)

Products & Product Reviews
glucose meters (also, see glucose testing tips)
favorites products submitted by others

Product Reviews

Frio portable cooling insulin pouches (11/05)
Sharper Image carb-tracker scale (12/05)
cooking & nutrition software  (01/06)
adhesives (for canula insertion sites) (01/06)

Publications & Book Reviews

Services Reviewed

Publications Menu (free to print out)

Research Main Index Page
Diabetes Business Headlines
Drug Headlines
Diabetes-Related Human Interest
Diabetes Law
Diabetes Studies, Trials & Hope for the Future
Mental Health Studies
Stem Cell Research
What are Stem Cells?
Stem Cell Ethics
Stem Cell Treatment
Diabetes and Stem Cell Research
Stem Cell Legislation in the U.S.
Islet Cell Transplant
What's New in Diabetes Technology?

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Page Updated 05/09/2006