What to do
When to give glucagon
DO NOT USE glucagon kits after the expiration date stamped on the container. Call 911 if glucagon is expired or cannot be given for any reason whatsoever.
Milder cases of hypoglycemia should be treated quickly by giving fast sugars by mouth -- don't wait -- because blood glucose can drop rapidly and sharply and a person can lose consciousness in only a matter of minutes. They will then need to be injected with glucagon.
Give glucagon if:
Glucagon will only work when injected under the skin into muscle or into fatty tissue.
How to Prepare Glucagon for Injection
The contents of the syringe are inactive. You must mix the contents of the syringe with the glucagon in the accompanying bottle before giving injection. Do not prepare Glucagon for Injection until you are ready to use it.
Turn patient on his/her side to prevent patient from choking and:
Flip off Top
all liquid Swirl bottle gently
GLUCAGON SHOULD NOT BE USED UNLESS THE SOLUTION IS CLEAR AND OF A WATER-LIKE CONSISTENCY. IF YOU CANNOT INJECT GLUCAGON FOR ANY REASON IMMEDIATELY CALL 911.
How to Draw Glucagon into the Syringe
Note: You can also use any syringe used to inject insulin to also inject glucagon.
DISCARD UNUSED PORTION
How to Inject Glucagon
Inject glucagon the same way that you inject insulin. You can inject into the fat or muscle (fat is preferred, but don't worry - just get it under the skin). THERE IS NO DANGER OF OVERDOSE.
Using the following directions, inject glucagon IMMEDIATELY after mixing:
FEED THE PERSON AS SOON AS HE/SHE AWAKENS AND IS ABLE TO SWALLOW. Give them a fast-acting source of sugar (such as a regular soft drink or fruit juice) and a long-acting source of sugar (such as crackers and cheese or a meat sandwich).
If the person does not awaken within 15 minutes, give another dose of glucagon if paramedics have not arrived yet.
A doctor should ALWAYS be notified whenever severe hypoglycemic reactions occur.
What to do After Injecting Glucagon
Severe side effects are very rare but a few people may be allergic to one of the inactive ingredients in glucagon. Other side effects may include:
If you experience any reactions which are likely to have been caused by glucagon, contact your doctor immediately.
If the person does not respond to glucagon
WARNING THE PATIENT MAY BE IN A COMA FROM SEVERE HYPERGLYCEMIA (HIGH BLOOD GLUCOSE) RATHER THAN HYPOGLYCEMIA. IN SUCH A CASE, THE PATIENT WILL NOT RESPOND TO GLUCAGON AND REQUIRES IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION IN A HOSPITAL!
Islets of Hope Publication TRE-1-2006-fr (excerpts from complete publication)
Other related publications available include:
TRE-1-2006 (Complete Version) How to Prepare & Inject Glucagon
This information may be used and distributed freely. We do ask that you reference www.IsletsofHope.com.