Islets of Hope for persons newly diagnosed with diabetes
Article by Lahle Wolfe. For reprint information e-mail: Editor@isletsofhope.com
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Information on normal and acceptable target blood glucose ranges for both diabetics and nondiabetics. Our chart considers factors such as age and whether or not a person is newly diagnosed.
Two types of hypoglycemia can occur in people who do not have diabetes: reactive (postprandial, or after meals) and fasting (postabsorptive). Reactive hypoglycemia is not usually related to any underlying disease; fasting hypoglycemia often is.
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Normoglycemia (normal blood sugar)
Hyperglycemia - high blood sugar (or, blood glucose)
What are normal and target blood sugar ranges?
The following general guidelines for normal blood sugar ranges in nondiabetics* are from the American Diabetes Association. However, there are variations to these guidelines. For example, young children, those who are newly diagnosed, or are beginning insulin pump therapy may have slightly different target ranges.
Please see our complete chart of "Normoglycemia" for more details on target blood sugar ranges for people who have diabetes.
Morning fasting blood sugar
Note: Morning fasting glucose for pregnant women should be 95 mg/dL (5.3 mmol/L) or lower.
What if you are not in a "normal" range, but not in a "diabetic" range?
Blood sugar levels higher than normal, but lower than diabetic ranges, classify a person as having impaired glucose tolerance. To see how a person reacts to a glucose load an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) may be given to check blood sugar levels 2 hours after being given 75 grams of glucose to drink.
Oral Glucose Tolerance Test Ranges
Both IFG and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) are associated with an increase risk in developing type 2 diabetes and lifestyle changes, including weight loss and an exercise program, as well as possible oral medications such as Glucophage are sometimes indicated.
It is important to note that while there is no cure for type 2 (or type 1) diabetes, pre-diabetes can often be completely reversed with proper medical intervention and changes in lifestyle.
For information about gestational diabetes ranges, please see "Gestational Diabetes."
Click on any link for more information about blood sugar management:
Glucose Monitoring and Glucose Meters
Page Updated 07/27/2006