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"The current legal position in the UK allows both stem cell research and cell nuclear replacement research, following amendments to the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act (1990) in 2000, based on the recommendations of the Donaldson Report. This means that research involving early embryos (pre-14 days) is no longer limited to the area of reproduction but can be applied to any disease or condition."

Research & Ethics Laws

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Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Harvesting and Research vs. the Ethics of Being Human.  Islets of Hope Editorial, by Lahle Wolfe, May 6, 2006

Arguments for embryonic stem cell research

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Stem Cell Research

Current Federal Policy on Human Cloning & Embryonic Stem Cell Lines
Information on State Embryonic & Fetal Research Laws
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Pancreatic Islet Cell Transplantation Act of 2004

Stem Cell Research

Federal and United State Laws Regarding Stem Cell Research and Human Cloning
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Current Federal Policy on Human Cloning & Embryonic Stem Cell Lines

Currently, federal policy does not permit federally-funded research on embryonic stem cell lines that were created before August 2001 and while there is no federal law banning human cloning technology, no funding may go to the research of human cloning related to the purpose of reproduction.  

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has claimed to have authority over the regulation of human cloning technology by classifying it as an "investigational new drug" (IND).  After taking this position, they further stated that in addition to no funding of human cloning for reproductive purposes, no projects involving human cloning for safety reasons could also receive funding.  At this time, Congress has not passed legislation confirming the FDA's authority to prohibit cloning.

Information on State Embryonic and Fetal Research Laws

State are permitted to pass laws restricting the use of embryonic stem cells from some or all sources or specifically permit certain activities and prohibit others. Current state laws take different, often opposing positions.

Laws in California, Connecticut, Massachusetts and New Jersey, encourage embryonic stem cell research, including on cloned embryos.  While to South Dakota law strictly forbids research on embryos regardless of the source. The Virginia legislature has now created a fund to support adult stem cell research only but no money was actually appropriated at the time the fund was established. And legislators in Massachusetts enacted Senate Bill 2039, after the legislature overrode the governor's veto in order to enact the law.

Those states that do permit embryonic stem cell research have established guidelines for scientists such as consent requirements and approval and review processes for projects. Some states may have a true, keen interest in science, while others have been accused of being interested in cornering the market on a new technology.

To view stem cell research legislation introduced in the states in 2005, please visit National Conference of State Legislator's (NCSL's).  If you wish to see a table of all the states and where they stand on these issues visit the NCSL and scroll down towards the bottom of the page.

Detailed information on funding for stem cell research (some information is politically slanted):

Current State Genetics Laws and Legislative Activity Information Links

Pancreatic Islet Cell Transplantation Act of 2004

Congress Approves Landmark Diabetes Legislation - Pancreatic Islet Cell Transplantation Act of 2004 Provides Hope for Millions.

Diabetes Today  (download .pdf file) (August 17, 2005).  Transportation Bill Passed in Congress to Prevent Discrimination Against Employees with Diabetes.  American Diabetes Association (ADA) led effort to repeal blanket ban on people with insulin-treated diabetes driving commercial vehicles.



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Page Updated 05/09/2006