Mini Site Index
Disorders Associated with Diabetes
The following links contain in-depth information on each topic. (To get to any topic fast, just click on the links in the left-hand side bar).
If you want less detailed, easier to read information about these topics visit our section for those "Newly Diagnosed with Diabetes."
Addison's disease is a disorder in which a person does not make enough cortisol and other hormones in the adrenal glands. Addison's disease can be difficult to diagnose in early stages but when cortisol levels become too low various symptoms occur; untreated Addison's can be fatal. Treatment includes oral medication to replace vital hormones. When pills cannot be swallowed injections are necessary.
What is Addison's Disease
Causes of Addison's Disease
Primary Adrenal Insufficiency
Secondary Adrenal Insufficiency
Symptoms of Addison's Disease
Prevalence of Addison's Disease
Diagnostic Tests for Addison's Disease
Medical Concerns for Addison's Patients
Treatment for Addison's Disease
Asthma and Allergies
Diabetes, as are many metabolic disorders, is an autoimmune disorder. Asthma and allergies to food and the environment are more common in those with metabolic disorders than the general population.
Asthma - Section 1
Allergies - Section 2
What is an allergy?
Diabetes and Allergies
Types of Hypersensitivity (chart)
Signs and Symptoms
Basis of an Allergic Reaction
What is anaphylactic shock?
This disorder requires a controlled diet that addresses the intolerance to any food with gluten. Usually, when a person is diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, they will routinely be checked for celiac sprue as well. Blood tests are not always definitive and sometimes biopsies will be done. A change in diet can help control the sometimes debilitating symptoms of gluten intolerance.
What is Celiac Disease?
Treatment: Gluten-Free Diet Necessary
Prevalence of Sprue
Symptoms of Celiac Disease
Why are Celiac Symptoms so Varied?
The Gluten-Free Diet
Complications of Celiac Disease
The Gluten-Free Diet - Examples of Foods Permitted & Prohibited
Cushing's Syndrome & Cushing's Disease
Untreated, Cushing's can lead to type 1 diabetes along with other health problems. Symptoms can sometimes overlap with diabetes and PCOS. Read about Cushing's symptoms, causes, treatment, and review a chart comparing the symptoms between Cushing's, diabetes, and PCOS.
What is Cushing's Syndrome?
What are the symptoms?
What causes Cushing's syndrome?
How is Cushing's syndrome diagnosed?
How is Cushing's syndrome treated?
What research is being done on Cushing's syndrome?
The Effects of Cortisol in the Body
Cushing's, Diabetes, and PCOS symptoms compared (chart)
Support for Persons with Cushing's Syndrome
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)
CVS is sometimes mistaken for gastroparesis, a complication of diabetes.
What is cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS)?
The Four Phases of CVS
CVS and Migraine
Points to Remember
For More Information
Also, see "Gastroparesis."
Cystic Fibrosis (CF)
A secondary form of diabetes can occur in those who have CF when excess mucus can clog ducts in the pancreas creating diabetes-type problems.
What is Cystic Fibrosis (CF)?
What Causes CF?
What are Symptoms of CF?
Tests and Diagnosis of CF
CF Carrier Testing
Treatment for CF
Management of Digestive Problems
Living With CF
The Association for Anorexia Nervosa and Related Eating Disorders (ANRED) reports that those with diabetes are at high risk for developing eating disorders. Those with diabetes may be more likely to develop anorexia, bulimia, or binge eating habits than for the general population.
An Overview of Eating Disorders
Bulimia: The Feelings Disorder (Bingeing, Purging)
Serious Complications Are Associated with Eating Disorders
Insulin: Misuse Can Be Addictive
Diabetes Management vs. Eating Disorders: Much in Common (How do you know if a person is simply exercising
rigid control in their diabetes management or has an eating disorder? Warning signs to look for)
Diagnostic Criteria for Anorexia Nervosa
Diagnostic Criteria for Bulimia Nervosa
Diagnostic Criteria for Binge Eating Disorder
Control Issues: The Heart of the Matter
How Parents Can Help Prevent Eating Disorders (Learn Coping Skills, Give Back Control, Be A Grownup, Ease Up, Accentuate the Positive, Get Counseling, Join a Support Group, Get Involved with Diabetes Activities in Your Community
Treatment Begins with Acceptance
Eating Disorder Glossary (Simplified)
Recovery Programs (Links to Resources)
Celebrities and famous folks who have battled or died from anorexia, bulimia, or other disordered eating problems
Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS)
FMS is a
widespread, musculoskeletal pain and fatigue disorder. FMS causes severe pain in muscles, ligaments, and tendons. The cause is still unknown, but it has become widely accepted as a true disorder. FMS is often associated with fatigue, chronic headaches, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome (TMJ).
Symptoms of Fibromyalgia (FMS) (Pain, Fatigue , Common Symptoms of FMS)
Who Gets FMS?
Disorders Associated with FMS (Sleeping and other Disorders and Problems)
Causes and Epidemiology of FMS
Treatment of FMS
Prognosis for Persons with FMS
Chronic shoulder pain occurs in nearly 20% of all those with diabetes. Pain may cause a person to use the arm and shoulder less which is the worst thing you can do for frozen shoulder. Learn what to do about frozen shoulder before pain becomes unmanageable.
What is frozen shoulder?
Frozen Shoulder and Diabetes
Progressive Stages of Frozen Shoulder (chart)
Low thyroid is an "in" diagnosis for an entire host of problems. However, those with diabetes type 1 or type 2, and those with other metabolic disorders (including insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome X, pre-diabetes, PCOS) should be tested for antibodies for Hashimoto's. Antibodies for this disorder can appear years before symptoms occur so it is a worthwhile test for anyone with a metabolic disorder.
What is Hashimoto's Thyroiditis?
Diabetes and Thyroid Disease
Symptoms of Hypothyroid
Testing for Hashimoto's
Do You Need T3 in Addition to T4?
Taking Your Medications
-- Women, Estrogen & Thyroid Medications
-- Drug & Supplement Interactions
Do You Need Preventive Thyroid Treatment?
Hemochromatosis (Iron Overload)
Also, sometimes called "bronze diabetes." This potentially life-threatening condition is treated by diet, medication, and through donating blood regularly to reduce iron levels in the blood stream.
What is Hemochromatosis?
Symptoms of Hemochromatosis
Screening & Tests for Hemochromatosis
Both primary and secondary infertility can be a concern to those with metabolic disorders. Infertility strikes both men and women. Read about causes, treatments, and options for building a family.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
This disorder causes alternating bouts of diarrhea, and/or constipation, abdominal gas and bloating can leave you feeling sluggish and interrupt normal activities in life. Many persons may have IBS, which is often diagnosed by ruling out other disorders first, without realizing it. This syndrome is also associated with PCOS and fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and is treated with medication when necessary and through lifestyle changes including a fiber-rich diet.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
As recently as 15 years ago few women were diagnosed with this serious syndrome when it was still known as "Stein- Levinthal Syndrome." Now, it is estimated that more than 15 million women in the United States have PCOS. This disorder is the most commonly diagnosed cause of infertility in women of child-bearing age. Once thought of as a cosmetic gynecological disorder brought upon from obesity, it is now known that PCOS itself can cause rapid, abnormal weight gain, infertility, is often associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and can lead to cancer, heart disease, and diabetes.
What is PCOS?
Signs & Symptoms of PCOS
-- Gynecological Disorders
-- Metabolic Problems & Symptoms
-- Other Disorders Associated with PCOS
-- Cosmetic Problems
-- Health Problems
Treatment for PCOS
Complications & Risk Associated with PCOS
Related Information from our "Diabetes Complications" section
Weight Gain - Weight gain is often associated with type 2 diabetes, pre-diabetes, as well as disorders commonly diagnosed with diabetes (hashimoto's thyroiditis and polycystic ovarian syndrome). Obesity can lead to long-term health problems and decrease fertility. Weight gain can also occur in type 1 patients.
Weight Loss - Weight loss can occur in diabetes due to insufficient insulin present (high blood sugars and weight loss result), a wasting disease such as cystic fibrosis (CF), or from eating disorders, or difficulty in digestion food such as with celiac sprue and irritable bowel syndrome.